It is said that Jaen province has the most fortifications in Europe and that there isn´t one town, and there are 97, within its borders that doesn´t have some form of castle, fortress or look-out tower.
Some have been restored while others lie in ruins but the sheer number of monuments is staggering. I climb a hill, and there are many, to find a watch tower or one nearby. The sheer ingenuity of the whole system is mind boggling in its coverage of the land, wild or tame, accessible or seemingly not so.
The Route of Castles and Battles is based on military events dating from the war between Hannibal and the Roman Empire, later the skirmishes of the Reconquest between the Muslims and Christians to the Peninsular War between Napoleon and the Spanish army. The itinerary of the route is as follows.
Castle and Battle Route in Jaen
Baños de la Encina
Alcala la Real
Castle and Battle Route in Granada
Granada and The Alhambra
Medieval Monuments in Andalucia
Spain´s Most Visited Monuments
Walking in the Footsteps of the Troops Ruta 1212
Windmills and Castles in Spain